Proteins and diets

The main step in treatment and prevention of obesity is reduction in caloric intake. However, reduced caloric intake of a patient must be gradual. Choosing a diet, people must consider age, obesity degree, gender, physical activity and level of proteins they consume.Proteins are biologically active compounds, containing nitrogen.

The level of proteins is detected from the amount of this chemical element in foods. The choice and way of cooking food influences on the amount of proteins in this food.

All proteins contain amino acids, 20 of which are found in vegetable and animal proteins. Eight amino acids are not synthesized in our bodies (for children – 10), therefore people should fill their shortage by eating different foods.

In order to reduce the body weight and improve health, it is recommended to distribute daily intake of protein.

Your body needs about 15-20% of proteins per day from overall macroelements intake.

For those, who are losing weight actively, nutritionists recommend 3 main and 2 extra meals a day, containing enough proteins, vitamins and microelements.

Protein consumed with food is the best and the only source of essential and nonessential amino acids. Amino acids provide catalytic, energetic, regulatory, transport, specific and other important functions.

Proteins And Diets

Protein is a basis of many important biologically active substances and hormones. Multiple studies have proved that protein deficiency reduces the synthesis of specific hormones and most enzymes in the body that participate in all the metabolic processes. Low amount of proteins in food also leads to a significant decrease of phosphorus and calcium, slowing down the growth and skeletal development.

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