Hormonal obesity is the type of obesity, caused by the violation in work of endocrine system in the human body. In other words, it is a hormonal imbalance, followed by a variety of problems with human health, like for example overweight.Hormones and obesity are two notions connected to each other. Even if you have a slight imbalance of the endocrine system, the likelihood of hormonal obesity is very high.

Causes of hormonal obesity are plenty.

The main cause – is overabundance or the lack of certain hormones, produced in the body.

Hormonal obesity can be caused by such factors as:

Benign tumors of pancreas. Such tumors provoke the growth of insulin levels and reduction in the blood sugar as a rule. Because of reduced level of blood sugar, man’s appetite increases and he experiences hunger all the time. Therefore, people try to still hunger by multiple meals throughout a day.

  • At the same time, insulin retains fat deposits and it becomes very difficult to get rid of them when you feel as if you want to eat all day long.

Hypothyroidism is a disease, caused by insufficient amount of thyroid hormones in the body. Thyroid dysfunction is characterized by slowing of metabolic processes in a patient’s body, which leads to hormonal obesity eventually.

Types of hypothyroidism:

  • Primary hypothyroidism, i. e. the one that arises due to lesion of the thyroid tissue (various tumors, post-surgical state and conservative treatment of hypothyroidism as well as inflammations).
  • Secondary hypothyroidism, the one that is caused by violation of mechanisms, regulating the thyroid function (including lesion of the cerebral cortex, lesion of the pituitary and diencephalon).
  • Hyperandrogenism or in other words – an excessive amount of male sex hormones in the female body. As you know, women’s body produces both male and female sex hormones (androgens). The word “hyperandrogenism” is used only if male sex hormones exceed the amount of female sex hormones in a woman’s body.

The following factors can cause excessive production of androgens:

Adrenal tumors – is a local growth of cells of adrenal gland. Most of such neoplasms are benign tumors and appear rarely.
Ovarian tumors – are neoplasms of female sex glands. Bad habits like smoking and drinking alcohol are the factors, provoking these tumors.
Infectious processes, developing in the body can cause hormonal obesity as well. During medical examination, helping to adjust a proper weight loss therapy, the main fact to be considered is the presence or absence of viruses in a patient’s body.
Genetic predisposition – is a hereditary tendency of a child’s body to act like his parents or relatives. This predisposition is not necessarily an inevitable factor and it often shows up only along with other risk factors.

If person leads a healthy lifestyle and do sports, the likelihood of genetic hormonal obesity is minimal.

Hypothalamic and pituitary dysfunction. In rare cases, obesity can be caused by the dysfunction of the pituitary and hypothalamus. These glands are responsible for a normal work of all endocrine organs. Thus, hypothalamus dysfunction can be accompanied by obesity, as well as change in sexual and emotional state.

There are two types of obesity, differentiated by the causes of appearance:

  • Primary, or alimentary and constitutional obesity.
  • Secondary or symptomatic obesity.

Primary obesity develops due to excessive amount of energy and calories, entering the body with food. This disease is characterized by excess body mass of a patient due to increased volume or number of adipose cells in the body.

Alimentary obesity is mainly associated with overeating. Actually, overeating causes a surplus of calories and our body cannot manage to burn them all. These excess calories are later deposited in various parts of our bodies.

Typically, men accumulate fat cells in abdominal area (android or “apple” type of obesity).

  • Women usually store fat cells in the upper and middle part of their bodies, i.e. breast, arms and belly (gynoid or “pear” type of obesity).
  • The secondary obesity develops due to such serious factors as diseases of the brain and endocrine glands that regulate the metabolism and appetite of a person.

Against the background of pituitary and hypothalamic dysfunction, thyroid or adrenal glands disorder, hormonal obesity is just a symptom of other disease and it requires a complex treatment.

Complex treatment of obesity is based on the idea that every patient’s body is a complicated system in which every single organ and process is closely linked to one another. To get a stable effect of hormonal obesity treatment, you need to change the state of the whole body.

First, a patient should visit the doctor, better endocrinologist, to examine his endocrine system. In addition, some visits to psychologist and dietitian help to reveal both obvious and hidden psychological problems and their causes.

A complex approach to obesity treatment also involves:

  • Proper diet.
  • Individual complex of physical exercises.
  • Physiotherapy.
  • Medical treatment.

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