Today, more and more often physicians have to face patients suffering from obesity and overweight. The danger of obesity is not only in the availability of excess weight, which reduces the person’s mobility.
Besides that, obesity causes many concomitant diseases.
The leading ones are cardiovascular diseases. According to the World Health Organization, cardiovascular diseases are the main reason for mortality all over the world.
No other disease causes so many lethal outcomes as the heart or vascular disease does.
- Most overweight people are exposed to hypertension. The accumulated excess fat promotes this. While the body tries to cope with growing loads, blood pressure is gradually increased.
According to data of scientific studies, increase of body mass index is always accompanied with a clear increase in systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Physicians believe that the most dangerous type of obesity is abdominal.
In this type of obesity, adipose tissue is accumulated in the abdominal cavity around the internal organs and compresses them. Visceral fat produces up to 30 different active substances, most of which have a negative impact on the cardiovascular system.
They are able to provoke atherosclerosis and to increase the risk of thrombus formation. Moreover, in excess weight, metabolic needs of the body are increased, since body weight increases where metabolic processes occur.
- Besides metabolic disorder, obesity leads also to the increase in blood pressure and development of hypertensive diseases.
Herewith, the amount of blood increases, the heart starts to work in the strengthened mode that leads to irregular heartbeat and rapid wear of the heart muscle.