Abdominal obesity and cardiovascular system

Today, more and more often physicians have to face patients suffering from obesity and overweight. The danger of obesity is not only in the availability of excess weight, which reduces the person’s mobility.

Besides that, obesity causes many concomitant diseases.

The leading ones are cardiovascular diseases. According to the World Health Organization, cardiovascular diseases are the main reason for mortality all over the world.

No other disease causes so many lethal outcomes as the heart or vascular disease does.

  • Most overweight people are exposed to hypertension. The accumulated excess fat promotes this. While the body tries to cope with growing loads, blood pressure is gradually increased.

According to data of scientific studies, increase of body mass index is always accompanied with a clear increase in systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Physicians believe that the most dangerous type of obesity is abdominal.

In this type of obesity, adipose tissue is accumulated in the abdominal cavity around the internal organs and compresses them. Visceral fat produces up to 30 different active substances, most of which have a negative impact on the cardiovascular system.

They are able to provoke atherosclerosis and to increase the risk of thrombus formation. Moreover, in excess weight, metabolic needs of the body are increased, since body weight increases where metabolic processes occur.

  • Besides metabolic disorder, obesity leads also to the increase in blood pressure and development of hypertensive diseases.

Herewith, the amount of blood increases, the heart starts to work in the strengthened mode that leads to irregular heartbeat and rapid wear of the heart muscle.

The increased load on the heart, even in normal blood pressure may contribute to myocardial hypertrophy (increase of the left or right cardiac ventricle).

This results in a violation of muscular structures, which can lead to heart failure and it becomes difficult for the heart to pump blood through the vessels.

Among other things, violation of lipid metabolism can also cause atherosclerotic vascular lesion. If a person is also suffering from hypertension, the pathological processes in the vessels are exacerbated.

In this case, the patient may experience a myocardial infarction or cerebrovascular accident.

Numerous studies conducted in several countries have proven a negative effect of abdominal type of obesity on the development of cardiovascular diseases such as coronary heart disease and hypertensive disease.

To reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases and to prevent heart attack, a comprehensive therapy of abdominal obesity can be required. Such therapy includes medical treatment in the combination with physical loads and reduced-calorie diet.

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